Doc Gruber began studying sharks in 1961,
perhaps before any other scientist had done full-time research on a
living shark. During his long career, he founded the Bimini
Biological Field Station (Shark Lab), the Shark Specialist Group of
the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, (IUCN), a
United Nations organization based in Switzerland, and the American
Elasmobranch Society. He has published over 200 scientific papers,
and his research is still ongoing today.
|Doc in 1957 with black grouper|
His research begins
|Gruber in 1963 studying sharks' eyes|
|Gruber and Wisby collecting shark eyes to study at a fishing tournament|
|Collecting eyes at a shark tournament|
Can sharks see colour?
|diagram of the brain of a shark, showing the telencephalon|
|Image of the rods and cones in a shark's retina|
The learning rate of a shark
|The nictitating membrane can be seen here as the lemon shark in the experiment winks.|
|Gruber working on the experiment in 1966|
|A watercolour portrait of a tiger shark (by the writer)|
|The shark pens are visible in the foreground|
|Doc Gruber loves lemon sharks|
Illustrations courtesy of Dr. Gruber, except where indicated.